|original drawing by|
Estelle Ansley Worrell
(Worn through the 18th century.) Dressing gowns,were worn at home over the breeches, shirt, waistcoat (vest), and cravat for relaxing or receiving guests. This gown is made of a popular printed cotton from India. It has a plain neck with rounded corners which are turned back to form lapels. The sleeves flare and have a split at the hem which is a few inches shorter than the shirt sleeve. This can be turned back for a cuff.
Portraits by John Singleton Copley show men wearing these gowns and some of them show the shirt like that of Figure 126 with the neck closed without a cravat. One portrait shows the neck unbuttoned.
He has removed his wig and wears a cap to cover his bald head which was shaved for wearing a wig. It is a soft tam-o'-shanter with a lace flounce which is worn turned back. Fur-brimmed caps similar to that of Figure 112 were com- monly worn with these dressing gowns in winter to keep the head warm. More than one diary account complains of the ink freezing in the inkwell in the bedrooms of New England homes and even of the sap becoming an icicle as it spewed out the end of the burning fireplace log!
He wears pantofies, an informal shoe with the heel open like 20th century "mules." Pantofies were sometimes made of heavier materials and worn over the shoes like overshoes to protect them as in Figure 16.
He carries a lace handkerchief and holds a long pipe for the popular pastime of smoking tobacco, called "devil's liquor" by the Puritans. 1670-1680