original drawing by
Estelle Ansley Worrell
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People continue to seek new homes and new opportunities in the American colonies. English Quakers, German Mennonites, and French Huguenots came to Pennsylvania and the Carolinas. The middle classes triumphed in the English Civil War and William and Mary began their rule.

This gentleman wears the new coat that will remain in fashion for so many years. It is shaped to fit the body and flares out toward the hem. Pleats give extra fullness at the side seams or the seams may be open at the hem. Coats of this period almost always had braid trim of black, red, gold, or silver. They had no collar yet but the cuffs were quite large and decorative, and the top corners of the front were often turned back to form small lapels. Velvet was a popular material as well as brocade.

The waistcoat or vest had developed by this time to fill the space in front as the coat was usually worn open. This waistcoat is braid-trimrned brocade with pocket flaps.

The shirt has the new frills on both sides of the front ol@@ening (which only goes down over the chest) and ruffles on the wristband. The neckband is fitted and goes quite high up on the neck (see Figure 73). The shoulder line is low and the sleeves full as in Figures 15 and 126.

Knee breeches had developed a fitted band just below the knee where it remained for over a hundred years with few exceptions.

White stockings were becoming the accepted color for most formal wear with black for a more conservative look when the occasion called for it.

Shoes had developed a small buckle over the ins" instead of the ties and ribbons. Heels were high and toes were narrow and square.

Periwigs had grown thick, artificially waved, curled, and square at the top where the hair was parted in the center.

His hat is the tricorne, the triangular shape that stayed fashionable through the American Revolution. It has braid thm and plumes but was rarely worn on the head.