Heraldic Tincture
The tinctures are the colours and textures of the emblazon

There are only two metals, Or (yellow) Argent (white)

There have been over a dozen colours used in the history of heraldry, However in the SCA only five are used. Sable (black) Gules (red) Azure (blue) Vert (green) Purpure (purple)

furs used in heraldry are known as.

The Metals

OrOr (gold, often depicted as yellow) drawn as black dots

ArgentArgent (silver, ussually depicted as white) drawn as white

The Colours

SableSable (black, ussually depicted as black) drawn as a fully darckend area

GulesGules (red, ussually depicted as red) drawn as vertical lines
AzureAzure (blue, ussually depicted as blue) drawn as horizontal lines
VertVert (green, ussually depicted as green) drawn as diagonal lines from left to right
PurpurePurpure (purple, ussually depicted as purple) drawn as diagonal lines from right to left

MurreyMurrey (mulberry ussually depicted as berry-red) drawn as crossing diagonal lines

SanguineSanguine (blood ussually depicted as rich-red) drawn as horizontal and diagonal lines from left to right
TenneTenne (brown ussually depicted as brown) drawn as vertical and diagonal lines from left to right
OrangeOrange (orange), ussually depicted as orange) drawn as segmented vertical lines

The Furs The most common furs, each of which is possessed of several variations, are Ermine (white with black "tails") and Vair (witw and blue "pelts"). With the exception of Potent, the Vair variations are rare, as are Plumete (feathers) and Papellone(scales)

This form to the right is a heraldic ermine tail. ussually depicted as three dots with an arrow head like this. The ermines allways have these tails

ErmineErmine (ussually depicted as black ermine tails on white)

ErminesErmines (ussually depicted as white ermine tails on black)
ErminoisErminois (ussually depicted as black ermine tails on yellow)
PeanPean (ussually depicted as yellow ermine tails on black)


Vair en pointVair en point
Vair in paleVair in pale


Vairy en pointVairy en point
Vairy in paleVairy in pale


Potent en pointPotent en point

PapellonePapellone (scales)

PlumetePlumete (feathers)

Where a charge is represented in its natural colours it is described as "proper".

Metals and colours, but not furs, are subject to the tincture convention. This is a fundamental "rule" of armory and heraldry: that metal shal not lie on metal, nor colour on colour. This convention seems to have been universally accepted from the earliest times and is clearly intended to facilitate the accurate identification of heral devices at a distance. a blue cross on a silver field is clearer than a blue cross on a black field, for example. The convention applies only to charges that are placed upon a field or another charge. Adjacent divisions of varied and parted fields, for example, lie next to each other and do not break the "rule"; neither do bordures (borders) or charges placed on varied or parted field of alternating metal and colour. The rule does not apply to furs, though clearly a white charge on an ermine field would normally be avoided. Exceptions will, of cource, be found, and these are ussually for a variety of reasons:

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