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Weights and Measures
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Linear Measure
Long Measure
12 inches (in.)=1 foot (ft.)
3 feet=1 yard (yd.)
5 1/2 yards, 11 half yards, 16.5 feet=1 rod (rd.)
320 rods=1 mile (mi.)
Surveyors' Measure
7.92 innches=1 link (lk.)
25 links=1 rod (rd.)
100 links, 4 rods=1 chain (ch.)
80 chains=1 mile (mi.)
4 inches=1 hand Used to meas. height of horses
3 feet=1 pace Used for stepping off distances
6 feet=1 fathom Used to measure depths at sea
1 1/7 statute miles (nearly)=1 geographic mile, or nautical knot
60 geographic miles=1 degree of latitude on equator
1 mile = 80 chains = 320 rods = 1760 yards = 5280 feet
1 chain = 4 rods = 66 feet = 100 links
1 yard=36 inches
1 meter=39.37 inches or 1 yard, 3 1/3 inches
Surface Measure
144 square inches (sq. in.)=1 square foot (sq. ft.)
9 square feet=1 square yard (sq. yd.)
30 1/4 square yards, 121 quarter square yards=1 square rod (sq. rd.) or perch (pch.)
160 square rods=1 acre (A.)
Surveyors' Square Measure
625 square (sq. lk.)=1 square rod (sq. rd.) or perch (pch.)
16 square rods=1 square chain (sq. ch.)
10 square chains=1 acre (A.)
640 acres=1 section (sec.)
36 sections=1 township (T.)
1A. = 160 sq.rds. = 4840 sq. yds. = 43560 sq.ft. = 6272640 sq.in.
1 sq.rds. = 30 1/4 sq. yds. = 272 1/4 sq.ft. = 39204 sq.in.
1 sq. yds. = 9 sq.ft. = 1296 sq.in.
Cubic Measure
1728 cubic inches (cu.in.)=1 cubic foot (cu. ft.)
27 cubic feet=1 cubic yard (cu. yd.)
128 cubic feet=1 cord (cd.) = 4x4x8 ft.
24 3/4 cubic feet=1 perch of stone (pch.)
Liquid Measure
Table
4 gills (gi.)=1 pint (pt.)
2 pints=1 quart (qt.)
4 quarts=1 Gallon (gal.)
1 gal. = 4 qt. = 8 pt = 32 gi.
L
Dry Measure
2 pint (pt.)=1 quart (qt)
8 quarts=1 peck (pk.)
4 pecks=1 bushel (bu.)
1 bu. = 4 pks. = 32 qts. = 64 pts.
1 pks. = 8 qts. = 16 pts.
1 gal. liquid mea.=231 cu.in.
1 qt. liquid mea.=58 cu.in.
1 qt. dry mea.=67+ cu.in.
1 litre=61 cu.in.
1 bushel=2150 cu.in.
1 peck=537 1/2 cu.in.
8 qts. liq. mea.=462 cu.in.
1 hectolitre=6102+ cu.in.
Apothecaries' Weight and Fluid Measure
20 grains (gr.)=1 scruple (sc.)
3 scruples=1 drachm (dr.)
8 drachms=1 ounce (oz.)
12 ounces=1 pound (lb.)
Fluid measure
60 minims (m.)=1 fluid Drachm
8 fluid Drachm=1 fluid ounce
16 fluid ounce=1 pint (O.)
8 pints=1 gallon (Cong.)
Troy Weight
12 grams (gr.)=1 pennyweight (pwt.)
20 pennyweights=1 ounce (oz.)
12 ounces=1 pound (lb.)
Avoirdupois Weght
16 ounce (oz.)=1 pound (lb.)
100 pounds=1 hundred wt. (cwt.) or 1 cental (c.)
20 hundred wt.=1 ton (T.)
1 lb. Troy=5760 grs. Troy
1 lb. apoth.=5760 grs. Troy
1 lb.avoir. =7000 grs. Troy
1 kilogram =15432 grs. Troy
196 lbs.=1 barrel of flour
200 lbs.=1 barrel of beef, pork, fish
280 lbs.=1 barrel of salt
32 lbs.=1 bushel of oats
56 lbs.=1 bushel of corn or rye
60 lbs.=1 bushel of wheat, beans, peas
14 lbs.=1 bushel of bluegrass-seed
60 lbs.=1 bushel of clover-seed
48 lbs.=1 bushel of barley
56 lbs.=1 bushel of flaxseed
44 lbs.=1 bushel of hemp-seed
60 lbs.=1 bushel of potatoes
45 lbs.=1 bushel of timothy-seed
57 lbs.=1 bushel of onions
28 lbs.=1 bushel of appels, pears (dry)
70 lbs.=1 bushel of corn in ear
52 lbs.=1 bushel of buchwheat
50 lbs.=1 bushel of salt
80 lbs.=1 bushel of bituminous coal
Stationers' table
12 units=1 dozen
12 dozen=1 gross
12 gross=1 great gross
24 sheets=1 quire
20 quire=1 ream
2 reams=1 bundle
5 bundles=1 bale
English Money
4 farthings (far)=1 penny (d.)
12 pence=1 shilling (s.)
20 shillings=1 pound or soverign ()

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2007 March 8