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- a cotton cloth originally imported from India and named after its city of origin, Calicut, on the Malabar coast. In England the name refers to a plain white cotton cloth, in the USA to a printed cotton.
- a type of gingham named after its town of origin in France, Cambrai.
- a nineteenth-century term for several coarse cotton fabrics.
- in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries a coarse cotton or flannel. From the Greek dirnitos, meaning of double thread. Dimity had weft threads twice the thickness of warp threads. Now a cotton cloth woven with raised stripes and patterns used for furnishing fabrics and garments.
- a strong, white cotton twill, often printed or striped.
- a cotton cloth woven of dyed yarn, generally in stripes and cheeks.
- Hickory cloth
- a coarse, heavy, twilled cotton with striped or check pattern. Used for shirts and working garments which receive hard wear.
- a plain, light-to-medium weight cotton. Name a corruption of Jagannathi, Urdu form of Cuttack, its town of origin in India. At first imported, later made in England.
- Moleskin cloth
- a heavy, strong, twilled cotton with a nap backing. Used for working and sports clothes.
- a plain, soft cotton first made in Mosul in Mesopotamia, now Iraq (see muslin).
- fabric imported from the East Indies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Since 1850 a firmly woven, smooth, plain cotton.
- a nineteenth-century glazed, coloured cotton cloth.
- a strong, twilled cotton for shirting made in narrow blue and white stripes (nineteenth century).
- Sea island cotton
- a fine lustre cotton with long fibres, traditionally grown on the islands off the coast of Georgia, Florida, South Carolina and Texas. Now grown in quantity in the West Indies.
- a closely-woven, heavy cotton (sometimes linen) used chiefly for mattress and pillow covering. Usually narrowly striped.
| © Ragnar Torfason|
2006 March 28