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Angora - the goat from this area of Asia Minor which has a coat of long, silken wool (see Angora). Baize - a coarse, woollen cloth with a long nap made from the sixteenth century in different colours but later predominantly green.
Bar@ge - a very fine, lightweight wool named after Bar@ges in France (see Bar@ge).
Batiste - an extremely fine, lightweight wool fabric (see Batiste).
Botany - a fine worsted made from the wool of the merino sheep in Australia and first exported from Botany Bay. Later the term came to refer to any high quality wool or worsted.
Bure - (see Bure). Caddis - a plain-woven woollen fabric made since the Middle Ages, used for garments and for padding.
Cashrnere -a fine, soft wool originally made in Kashmir from the wool of the Tibetan wild goat. Similar goats are now bred in the west and cashmere is made from this wool mixed with sheep's wool.
Cassimere, Kerseyrnere - a soft, lightweight woollen cloth, often twilled.
Cheviot - a woollen cloth or tweed made from the wool of the Cheviot sheep and used for suits and coats.
Cotswold - fine quality wool from Cotswold sheep. Crdpe - a lightweight worsted.
Donegal tweed - originally a heavy home- spun tweed made in Ireland. Now machine- made and used for heavy suits and over- coats.
Duffel, Duffle - a heavy woollen cloth with a thick nap named after the Belgian town of Duffel. Warm coats and cloaks were made from duffel from the seventeenth century onwards and duffle coats were worn in the early days of motoring (see Overcoat).
Estarnin - at first an open woollen fabric but later a finer, twilled dress material.
Flannel - a warm, soft woollen fabric of plain or twill weave (see Flannel).
Frieze - a coarse, thick woollen cloth with a nap, made particularly in Ireland and used primarily for outdoor wear.
Harris - a famous tweed woven on the islands of the Outer Hebrides. Heathermixture-acombinationofeoloured fibres intermingled in the yarn and used especially for tweeds and knitting wools to resemble heather colouring.
Kelt - a homespun woollen frieze generally made of mixed black and white yarn and used especially in Scotland and northern England in the sixteenth to eighteenth century.
Kendal - a green, woollen cloth named after its town of origin in north-west England.
Kersey - a coarse, ribbed woollen cloth made in narrow widths suitable for stock- ings from the Middle Ages onwards. Possibly named after the Suffolk village of Kersey.
Kilrnarnock - a woollen serge named after its town of origin.
Melton - a heavy, felted woollen cloth with a short nap, originally made in England. Suitable for outdoor wear as protection in cold weather.
Merino - a soft, fine woollen or worsted material or knitting yarn made from the wool of the merino sheep. A high quality yarn, resembling cashmere in its woven form.
Penniston, Pennystone - a coarse, heavy woollen cloth originating at Penistone in Yorkshire and made into outdoor wear in the sixteenth to eighteenth Century.
Perpetuana, Perpets, Petuna - a durable (hence everlasting), glossy-surfaced woollen cloth made in England from the late sixteenth century. Worn especially by the Puritans of the seventeenth century in England and also later in the American Colonies.
Petersham cloth - a heavy wool overcoating with a knotted surface finish.
Prunella -a fine, durable worsted in smooth or twill weave used from the seventeenth century especially for academic, legal and ecclesiastical gowns and vestments.
Rapcloth - a coarse, rough, undyed, home- spun woollen cloth made in Britain from the sixteenth century-
Rateen, Ratinet - a coarse, friezed cloth of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Ratinet was a thinner version.
Satara - a ribbed, lustred woollen cloth from Satara in the Bombay district of India.
Saxony cloth - the name given, in the later eighteenth century, to a fabric made from merino wool produced in Saxony. Later the tenn came to apply to any fine, smooth woollen material of merino or botany quality. Serge - a twilled worsted (see Serge).
Shalloon - a lightweight, fine, closely- woven woollen fabric, twilled on both sides and used chiefly for linings. Shetland - a knitting yarn and a woven fabric made from the wool of Shetland sheep, both lightweight and warm.
Stamin, Starnrnel - a coarse woollen or worsted cloth, usually dyed red, made from the early Middle Ages and used especially for underwear.
VicuFza - wool from the vicufla, a member of the llama family, very soft, fine and expensive due to the rarity of the animal (see Furs). Wadmal - from the Middle Ages a coarse woollen cloth used for rough clothing and bed coverings.
Witney - a heavy woollen cloth with a nap, made in Witney, Oxfordshire from the eighteenth century and used chiefly for men's overcoats.
| © Ragnar Torfason|
2006 March 28